EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON BUSINESS LOCATION (A CASE STUDY OF CADBURY NIGERIA PLC)

EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON BUSINESS LOCATION (A CASE STUDY OF CADBURY NIGERIA PLC)   ABSTRACT  

This study examines the effect of environmental factors on business location. A case study of  CADBURY  NIGERIA  PLC.IKEJA, LAGOS STATE. The research work was carried out with the aid of questionnaire and review of relevant textbooks.

In the course of research, 100 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents but only 90 were received, this gave response rate of  90%.It is revealed that the success of a business depends on the consideration of  environmental factors  before establishing or locating any business. The researcher recommends that to minimize the frequent occurrence of company liquidation and smoothen operation of any organization business location  must  be put into consideration.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.1      Background of the study

1.2      Objectives of the study

1.3      Statement of the problem

1.4      Scope of the study

1.5      Significance of the study

1.6      Limitation of the study

1.7      Delimitation of the study

1.8      Research questions

1.9      Definition of term

CHAPTER TWO

2.1      Historical Background of  Cadbury Nigeria Plc.

2.2      Meaning of business

2.3      Characteristic of business

2.4      Objectives of business

2.5      Classification of business

2.6      Structure of Business ownership

2.7      Component of Business

2.8      The environment of business

2.9      Role of environment on Business location

CHAPTER THREE

3.1      Research Methodology

3.2      Method of data collection

3.3      Population of Study

3.4      Sampling Method

3.5      Data Collection Instrument

3.6      Statistical method of data Analysis

3.7      Editing and Vetting of data

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1      Data Presentation

4.2      Test of Hypotheses

4.3      Analysis of data

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1      Recommendation

5.1      Conclusion

Bibliography

Questionnaire

CHAPER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Individuals have needs and business organizations exist to satisfy the needs and wants of the society. An appropriate method toward understanding form of business ownership will require the provision of conceptual frame work for the word BUSINESS.

BUSINESS in a capitalist economy can be described as the sum of all the activities involve in the production and distribution of goods and services for profit. This definition implies that business assume responsibilities for two of the basic human activities; Production i.e. Fabrication of physical objects through the use of men, machine, and material and distribution of these product/service as the consumers. The second implication of the definition is that all business organizations should strive to make profit. They are not charitable organizations, they must make profit in order to survive and continue to provide employment for workers and good returns to the owners.

Functionally, Business means those human activities which involve production or purchase of goods with the object of selling them at a PROFIT. In the work of Uric and Hunt , a ‘Business is any enterprise which makes, distributes or provides any articles or service which other member of the community need and are able and willing to pay for.

1.2      OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The objectives of this research are as follow;

To provide a basic understanding on the concept of business environment. To determine the problem impose by the influence of business environment in an Organization. To recommend solution on environmental problems  as they affect business To recommend measure in order to make the environment more conducive for business

1.3      STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The major focus of this study is to find out the extent at which business activity is influence by its environment. To this end, the study will address itself for a number of specific problems which include the following;

The impact of environment on business The extent to which business activity are independent of some of the forces of the environments. How the business react to the change in business environment How the  business  activity  in any way influenced the environment

1.4      SCOPE OF STUDY

The study will look at the effect and impact of  business environment on Cadbury Nigeria plc.

It will also look at the general view of  business as applicable in Food & beverages companies in Nigeria with emphasis on the type of internal and external environment.

1.5      SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

The study will help the public and the private organizations realize the importance of the business environment if  the higher profits are to be obtained. It will also help in solving managerial problem between management and workers. This study will also x-ray the problem of  losses experienced by firms using wrong statistics in establishing a business in an undearly  environment, this usually lead to the folding of such companies. The recommendations will help to minimize the frequency occurrence of company liquidation and smoothen operations of the organization increase in production and yield  more profits.

1.6      LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The researcher could not get the necessary information required for the project writing as the respondents were unnecessarily secretive.

Time constrain was another limitation of the study.

1.7      DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Business is an inevitable activity in an economy. The factors that affect the business location differ, base on the environment in which the target audience or markets are situated. Precise or generalize environmental factors affecting business location cannot be conclusive.

The student who is making the research project must be friendly with the management of the organization in order to carry out the research successfully. Limiting  factors like the lack of cooperation from organization to assist the researcher with information/data and also the financial capacity has  led to the restrict of the researcher.

1.8      RESEACH QUESTION

The major question of  the research is highlighted below:

What types of businesses do  organizations pursue? How many lines of products do they manufacture? Is there any change in the state of equipment used? Has the religion of the people has an impact on business location? Is there after sale services to customers? Is the location of business affected by the customer? Do you think the relationship between the trade union and management is cordial? Does the nation’s state of economy have any serious effect on job security? Does the foreign exchange rate has impact and affect sales volume?(project topics   final year project topics )

1.9      DEFINITION OF TERMS

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS:- It is the totality of forces and entities that surround and potentially affect the growth and development of  an organization. Environmental forces can be divided into two; Macro and Micro environments

MICRO ENVIRONMENT:-These are the immediate environmental factors of the business organizations e.g. the employee, shareholder, customer, etc.

MACRO ENVIRONMENT:-These are the forces that the organization cannot control or influence or manipulate, e.g. demography, national or physical forces, etc.

ENVIRONMENT  LOCATION:- This is geographical area where the business organization is being influenced by the micro and macro environment factors.

INFLATION:- This is defined as continuous and persistent rise in  general price level resulting in reduced purchasing power for the consumer. During this period, money is devaluated in terms of what it can buy or purchase.

FISCAL POLICY:- It is concerned with deliberate action which the government of a country takes in the area of spending money and or levying taxes with the objective of influencing macro-economic variables such as the level of national income or output, the aggregate demand level, the general level of prices etc. in a desired direction.

MANAGEMENT:- It is a process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals working together in groups can accomplish  pre-selected missions and objectives effectively and efficiently.

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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