BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS AND MANAGERIAL EFFICIENCY OF SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISE

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION

    • Background of the study

A business organization is an individual or group of people that collaborate to achieve certain commercial goals. Some business organizations are formed to earn income for owners. Other business organizations, called nonprofits, are formed for public purposes. These businesses often raise money and utilize other resources to provide or support public programs. Organization is a broader term, as it includes businesses and other groups of people not organized for commercial purposes. Clubs and sports teams are examples of non-business organizations. Organizations have a specific structure and hierarchy. People and systems create a culture within the organization and guide its operation. Different organizations have different policies, work flows and objectives.

Management is universal in the modern world. Every organization requires the making of decision, the coordination of activities, deciding in advance when, why how and who does what, setting of standards, measuring performance against standard and reviewing the standards. Numerous managerial activities have their own particular approach to specific types of problems which fall under headings such as production and operation management human resources management, management of health delivery system and others.

According to Nwachukwu (2007) management is the act of getting things done through and with others. Another definition by Launer (1999) he refers to management as the corner stone of organization effectiveness and is concerned with arrangements for the carrying out of organizational processes and the execution of work.

Kountz (2006) management is an operational process initially best dissected by analyzing the management functions. The five essential managerial functions are planning, organizing, staffing, directing, leading and controlling. These tasks of management are interrelated and actually dove tail into each other. Planning sets the stage by helping the organization to determine where it wants to go (objectives) and how to get there (strategies and tactics). These objectives and strategies determine the type of organizational structure most suitable for the organization. Organization structures are designed to fit the strategies which are meant to achieve the objective and both strategies and objectives are the outcome of planning.

There is no human endeavor that does not require proper management for it to function efficiently. For every type of organization either government establishment or private enterprise, there is need for qualified managers to handle its activities. Management and organizations are seen as the product of their historical and social times and place and to understand the evolution of management theory in terms of how people wrestled with matters of relationship at a particular time in history. The lesson here is to learn from the trials and tribulation of those who have preceded us in steering the fortunes of formed organization.

It is now obvious to everyone that, of the factors that are necessary for economic take off, none is to be stressed more often than management characteristically, the developing countries are known for their low technological progress and extremely low labor productivity. A realistic approach to the development of these countries call for qualified high level manpower especially at the management level. In present day organizations it is the manager that determines the appropriate technology required and the best way to efficiently and effectively utilize all types of resources, be it physical or human.

The Nigeria scene portrays the situation very adequately. Despite her abundant natural resources and rich environment, the economy of Nigeria has not quite taken off most organization do not operate smoothly and efficiently. The management cadre which is a sine qua non for economic development is lacking. The government in many instances has assumed the function of entrepreneur and taken over the management functions, instances abound to convince everyone that the government has not fared well as a good manager, and has even performed worse than private entrepreneurs.

The need for management is essential to the development of organizations, be it small scale or large scale industries, therefore, whenever people work together, there is generally a need for the coordination of efforts in order to attain expected result in reasonable time, and with minimum amount of money, discomfort or energy. A manager is expected to be vast in knowledge and to possess special talents or abilities quite different from non manages.

    • Statement of the problem

No organization, no matter its size can survive without an effective managerial function and good organization, therefore, there is need for sound and qualified man and women to operate in every organization especially small scale enterprises; and also there should be capable hands to manage the financial affairs in order to ensure a sound system of operation in the enterprise. It is important to note that, effective operation is not exclusive concern of only one person or department within an organization, it must involve every staff who should have the interest of the organization at heart in order for it to achieve it set goal and objectives.

    • Significance of the study

The essence of this project cannot be over emphasized because it will help Small Medium Scale Entities understand how effective management is the yardstick and bedrock of every organization, thereby, enhances the achievement of organizational objectives. Furthermore, it will guide and give a sense of direction to the entire organization in the area of channeling resources and enhancing productivity and also giving status to the organization.

    • Objective of the study

This project intends to assess the impact of efficient management function in the survival of small scale industrial towards the achievement of the overall goals and objectives of the organization. Specifically this project has the following objective:

  • To find out the relationship between management business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.
  • To examine some strategies for business organization and managerial efficiency set out by small scale enterprises.
  • To find the role of business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.
    • Research questions

In order to achieve the stated objectives for the study the following research questions will be asked:

  • What relationship exists between business organization and management efficiency of small scale enterprises?
  • How does business organization and managerial efficiency impact small scale enterprises?
  • What role does business organization and managerial efficiency play on the growth of small scale enterprises?
    • Research hypotheses

Ho: There is no significant relationship between business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.Hi: There is significant relationship between business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.Ho: Business organization and managerial efficiency has no impact on small scale enterprises.Hi: Business organization and managerial efficiency has impact on small scale enterprises.

    • Limitations of the study

The study was carried out to investigate the impact of business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises. The study is limited to eatery centres (tantalizer) in Rivers state, in Port Harcourt Local Government Area to be precise.

    • Scope of the study

This research work is on business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises of eatery centres (tantalizer) in Rivers state, using tantalizer as a case study. The study could not cover other eatery centers due to representative nature of tantalizer and proximity to the researcher.

    • Definition of terms

Business: This is a person's regular occupation, profession, or trade. Organization: This is an organized group of people with a particular purpose, such as a business or government department.Management: This is the process of dealing with or controlling things or people. Efficiency: This is the state or quality of being efficient. Small Scale Enterprise: This is a business that employs a small number of workers and does not have a high volume of sales. Such enterprises are generally privately owned and operated sole proprietorships, corporations or partnerships. Business Organization: This is an individual or group of people that collaborate to achieve certain commercial goals. Some business organizations are formed to earn income for owners. Other business organizations, called nonprofits, are formed for public purposes.Managerial Efficiency: This is the process of dealing with or controlling things or people in such a way as to achieve efficiency. Rivers State: This is a state in southern Nigeria in the eastern part of the Niger Delta.  REFERENCES Aborisade, F., 1997. Research Methodology, A Student Handbook, Multi-Firm Limited Publisher. Akinyele, S.T., 2007. A comparative analysis of strategic marketing management of downstream oil industry in Nigeria. An Extract from Doctoral Dissertation, Covenant University, Ota-Nigeria. Allison, M. and J. Kaye, 2005. Strategic Planning for Non-profit Organizations. A Practical Guide and Work Book, Wiley Publishers. Ansoff, H.I., 1991. Critique of Henry Mintzberg's. The design school: Reconsidering the basic premises of strategic management. Strategic Manage. J., 12: 449-461. Ansoff, H.I., D. Miller and P.H. Friesen, 2000. Strategy-making and the enviromnent: The third link. Strategic Manage. J., 4: 221-235. Beamish, P.W., 2000. Strategic Management. Ivey Publishers. Berry, B.W., 1997. Strategic Planning Work Book for Nonprofit Organizations. Amherst, H. (Ed.), Publishers, Wilder Folllldation.

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

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