POULTRY FARMING: A VERITABLE TOOL FOR ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT (A CASE STUDY OF DE-OLABS FARM, OTAN-AYEGBAJU, OSUN STATE)
This project work is primarily designed to provide a complete understanding of poultry farming as an economic tool commercial poultry farming is practiced by most rural households throughout the developing world; despite the fact that its contribution to livelihoods appears to be of little nominal value when observed by researchers and other outsiders. This project utilizes a sustainable livelihood framework to view how commercial poultry contributes to households. The method of data collection for the project is through: questionnaire, personal interview, observation while the data collected were analyzed with the use of Chi-square in the testing of the hypothesis. It was asserted that employment opportunities can be enhanced by the engagement of Nigerians in poultry farming as a venture.
CHAPTER ONE1.0 INTRODUCTIONCommercial poultry production is practiced by most rural households throughout the developing world, despite the fact that its contribution to livelihoods appears to be of little nominal value when observed by researchers and other outsiders. This project utilizes a sustainable livelihood framework to review how commercial poultry contributes to households and livelihoods. It would be recalled that the rate of unemployment in Nigeria is very high as reflected by the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) with the statistics that 700,000 jobs were available in the country compared with 7,000,000 graduates being turned out by Nigerian Universities. This is a result of an imbalance in labor supply, rapid population growth rate, and faulty educational system among others. This project write-up will focus attention on commercial poultry farming production. A prospective commercial poultry farmer should consider the following factors for the establishment of poultry farming:These include broiler production, egg production, and marketing.Broiler: is a North American term used to describe a young male or female chicken less than 12 weeks old based on fast-growing breeds, reared and sold specifically for poultry meat. For broiler production, the rapidity of turnover is very high and the currently projected profit per broiler is 300.Egg production: the expansion of the business of egg production can partly be attributed to quick turnover. The current estimated gross or net daily profit from the sale of eggs ranges from #2,000 layers is #5000 depending of course on the use of birds of superior genotype, provision of favorable environment, and managerial skill.LOCATION OF THE POULTRY FARMINGLegal clearance must be obtained from appropriate authority before establishing a poultry enterprise to prevent the demolition of structures, culminating in the termination of the enterprise. The enterprise must not be a source of nuisance in the nature of foul odor and noise to neighbors. Ensure access to water, electricity, and proper damage.Capital Outlay: This will depend on the size and type of operation and the management system. For the takeoff, personal savings of up to #250,000 can be utilized particularly for small-scale broiler production. Alternatively, Agricultural Bank Loans on liberal terns can be considered. Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme (ACGSF) and the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) poultry farming scheme can as well provide loans to prospective farmers.Manpower Required: For a small-scale operation, one poultry attendant should be able to manage a minimum of 2,000 birds either on the deep litter system or in a cage. Occasional operations such as manual removal of drops and vaccination require additional labor which could be provided by the members of the family.Feed Supply: In Nigeria, feed cost accounts for about 70% of the cost of poultry production. This is due to the high cost of some critical feed ingredients (e:g maize and soya beans ) which are needed in poultry ration. From the standpoint of a profitable enterprise, the genetic potential of the birds is the beginning of employment. This research is determined to critically examine poultry farming as a veritable tool for economic empowerment in Nigeria.1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Poultry farming as a veritable tool for economic empowerment depends largely on the attractiveness of this agricultural sector to the Nigerian youth (young graduates), government support in terms of financial support (loan, overdraft), and market potentials for poultry products. In view of this, the following highlighted problems are intended to be solved by this research work. Can poultry farming actually provide economic power to the Nigerian youth? Is the poultry farming business feasible in the Nigerian economy? Will the Land Use Act of 1978 (LUA 1978) not be a stumbling block to the attainment of poultry farming as a business concern?1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY The objective of the research study work is to examine poultry as a veritable tool for economic empowerment.1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY This research work focuses on poultry farming as an economic tool for man`s empowerment. Majorly to be investigated is egg production as a means of livelihood. Therefore, it is limited to a local commercial poultry farm in Osun State as a case study. This study intends to analyze the relevant process of egg production and the attracting factors to the Nigerian youth..