From time immemorial recreation, like walking, shopping and worshipping has been an important aspect of living. Festivals, dances, games and music’s, have always been a part of life, although at time they have been looked upon in groups. However, recreation it’s various forms, had expanded to an unprecedented degree especially in developed world. Life in an unplanned city and town is an unnatural type. As a result, well designed town or city should contain sufficient play, grounds, local recreation and organized open spaces. This does not make the area beautiful, but also grants it a special character and a personality on its own, however, the importance of recreation to the individual and the society in general is treated, and this dissertation is based on the residential of Adewole Housing Estate in Ilorin. The study aimed of appraising the functionality of recreation facilities available in the Estates through the use of questionnaires concepts of recreation is done and the classification of recreational activities in chapter two and chapter three contains the explanation of the analysis. It also deals with review of the existing recreational facilities for the estate. Chapter four deals with implementation and management strategies and chapter five deal with summary, recommendation and conclusion.


Title page





Table of contents

List of Maps

List of Tables

List of Figures

List of Plate’s


  1.1 Introduction1-2

1.2 Statement of problems2

1.3Aims of the project3

1.4 Objective of the study3

1.5 Justification3-4

1.6 Scope and Limitation4

1.7 Project methodology

1.8 Study area6

1.8.1 Historical background of Ilorin6

1.8.2 Historical background of Adewole Housing 10

Estate Location of Adewole Housing Estate 10-11 Population of Adewole Housing Estate11


2.0 The concept of Recreation

2.1 Definition of Recreation

2.2Value of Recreation

2.2.1 Goals of Neighborhood Recreation

2.3 Conceptual Analysis

2.3.1 Play Ground (Metropolitant)

2.3.2 Leisure Centre

2.4 Classification of Recreation

2.5 Planning Standards for Recreation facilities


2.5 Introduction

3.1Existing Recreation facilities in Adewole Housing Estate

3.2 Recreation Involvement

3.2.2 Recreation participant by Sex

3.2.3 Recreation participant by Age

3.2.4 Recreation participant by Occupation

3.2.2 Duration of participant in Recreation areas

3.2.5 Periodic for the participant Recreational areas

3.3 Total participant in Active Recreational Activities in the    Estate.


4.0 Introduction46

4.1 Location and distribution of active recreational 46-47


4.2 Open spaces suitable for recreational facilities 47

4.3 Management and Implementation strategies for the recreation facilities


5.0 Summary of findings 47-4

5.1 Recommendations48-51

5.2 Conclusion52

5.3 References53




In all settlements, it is explicit that man should work and also play whenever he is free from established routines of work and domestic duties, and since man cannot work throughout the day, it then become necessary that during the free time man can engage himself in different forms of recreation activities.

Recreation has been regarded as an integral part of social life. It is growing important aspect of physical planning which is often neglected. The benefits derivable from recreation cannot be over looked. The average adult must ‘spend a certain number of hours daily at some kind of work in order to earn a living or to care for a family. The growing child must attend school regularly. Eating, sleeping and other task usually take a definite amount of time each day. But it is seldom necessary for people to devote all their time for this occupation. Most people have sometimes in which they do things for the sole reason that they find pleasure in doing them, such activities are called recreation.

Different people all over universe achieve varying forms of satisfaction from this different activities, whereas, some achieve theirs, outside their daily routine work and other achieve satisfaction during their daily route work. There are some other conflicting ideas in take and satisfaction for one individual to another makes the issue of recreation vague and ambiguous. This is because what serve as recreation for one man, may be an economic venture to another, where as to others, is a disgusting idea to be engaged in these activities.

As the estate are the new open and planned areas within Ilorin metropolis, that are suppose to have contained social life facilities such as recreational facilities are not applicable or in some cases not functioning.

Therefore, recreation cannot only gives pleasure but also helps to renew or recreate the mind, soul and body. For this reason, if well organized recreational facilities are provided for the estate, resident of the estate will be able to satisfy themselves by engaging in various recreational activities and they will also have the opportunity to develop their personalities and interacts to fullest possible extents.


These are the problem identified in the study areas: this problem includes inadequate and poor planning of recreational land uses: inadequacy of existing recreational facilities and poor attitude of resident is towards recreational activities.


The aim of this project is to appraise the functionality of the recreational facilities in selected housing estate in Ilorin, so as to recommend the required and standard facilities for the estates.


The objectives of the study include the followings: 

i. To identify the existing recreational facilities available in the estate, 

ii. To evaluate the recreational behavior of residents in the estate toward recreational uses.

iii. To examine the adequacy of existing recreational facilities available in the estate.

iv. To recommend the required and standard recreational facilities for the estate.


As the estate are the new open-up and planned areas in Ilorin metropolis, that are suppose to have contained social life facilities such as recreational facilities which are not applicable in some cases not functioning. The traditional and other developed part of the city lack element of physical planning, such that the social life facilities were not incorporated in the system.

Therefore, the benefits derived from recreation cannot be over emphasized. It must be realized that, play for children addescent and adult is not a negative operation. Since "all works are not play makes jack a dull boy", and that since people cannot work throughout the day it then become necessary, that during the time not working people should engaged themselves in different forms of activities.

I therefore fell contempted that, the pattern of distribution of recreational facilities within the estate should be viewed and recommendation should be made.


This project covers the pattern and distribution of recreational facilities in ADEWOLE  housing estates in Ilorin. Due to financial and time constraint, this project will be limited to active recreation.


In carryout this project, information and materials used were obtained from various sources which area grouped into two as follows:-

PRIMARY SOURCE this includes the followings:

Personal observation: This is otherwise known as reconnaissance survey. It involves moving round the study area to identify the available facilities for recreation and the condition. It also involves interacting with the people to know their need for recreation.

Questionnaire Survey: - Here, questions relevant to project were formed to obtain information from the resident of the estates. The results of this were discussed in chapter three of this project.

Photographic Survey:- The pictures of some of the existing facilities were taken so as to know their location and their conditions.


Literature review: - Several textbooks and past projects relevant to the project topic were consulted. Other materials such as population data, maps, layout plan, socio - cultural information were obtained from appropriate ministries/ parastataLs and cooperation in Ilorin. Such as ministry of land and housing, Kwara   state   property   investment cooperation/   and    town planning development authority etc.


Ilorin/ the state capital of Kwara state is located in the southern part of the state and on longitude 40°E I and the 82°N. It is 293 kilometers by road away from Ikeja Lagos state capital and 500-kilometer from Abuja (Federal Capita! Territory). Ilorin was made as the state capital/ when the state was created in 1967. This led to rapid extension of towns from it's original area which was 9.37 square kilometer but ten (10) years later it has increase by about 50 percent. In general, the city's growth is greatest along the major arterial.

In 1963, population census confirmed that Ilorin as a population of 208,546. However, provisional figures made available by national population commission for 1991 census reviewed that Ilorin as a population of 474,385.


The creation of state dated 1967 by federal government of Nigeria which led to creation of Kwara state from northern region, consequently led to creation of Kwara state housing cooperation in which Adewole Housing Estate was established in 1976.

One of the problems confronted al! The newly created state then where the acute shortage of accommodation for the masses. In its efforts to cushion the inadequate supply of housing cooperation whose primary responsibilities was to increase supply of housing at affordable cost. The Kwara state housing corporation was set-up in 1975 to manage all the government staff quarters in the state and construction of more housing state in the state, this led to the conceivement and construction of Adewole housing estate in 1876. 


Adewole housing estate is located in the southern part of the state. It is located in Ilorin West Local Government with its headquarter in the emir's market near central mosque Ilorin. It is situated immediately after government high School Ilorin main gate and linking up to university of Ilorin (Mini campus) and Kwara state college of education, Ilorin. The estate is bounded by western reservoir road that links Geri-Alimi and Umar Saro Road Ilorin (Ilorin-Lagos road)


Adeweoie as a planned neighbourhood area comprises of different photo type housing unit categorized into 2 bedrooms bungalows, 3 bedrooms bungalows, 4 bedrooms bungalows and 4 bedrooms manssionattee. Presently the total number of photo type housing units in Adewole housing estate was put at six hundred and twelve ( 612) housing units, he present population of the people  at Adewole  Estate is about  is about fifteen  thousand four hundred and eighty. (15,408).



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