This chapter deals with the literature review and the research materials are reviewed and organized under the following sub-headings:

An Overview background of the Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) Objectives of SIWES Bodies Involved in the Management of SIWES Guidelines on SIWES Programme Indigenous orientation of SIWES as tool for a sustainable society/Development. Conceptual and Theoretical Framework Attitude of students towards SIWES Problems of Manpower Production In Technical And Vocational Education (TVE) In Nigeria  Approaches to Improving Manpower Production In    Technical And Vocational Education Summary of Reviewed Literature

An Overview background of the Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) The government’s decree No. 47 of 8th Oct; 1971 as amended in 1990, highlighted the capacity building of human resources in industry, commerce and government through training and retraining of workers in order to effectively provide the much needed high quality goods and services in a dynamic economy as ours (Jemerigbe, 2003). This decree led to the establishment of Industrial Training Fund (ITF) in 1973/1974. The growing concern among our industrialists that graduates of our  institutions of Higher learning, lack adequate practical background studies preparatory for employment in industries, led to the formation of students Industrial Work  Experience Scheme (SIWES) by ITF in 1993/1994 (Information and Guideline for SIWES, 2002). ITF has as one of its key functions; (1) to work as co-operative entity with industry and commerce where students in institutions of higher learning can undertake mid-career work experience  attachment in industries which are compatible with students area of study (Okorie 2002, in Asikadi 2003). The students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) is a skill Training programme  designed to expose and prepare students of Education, Agriculture, Engineering, Technology, Environmental, Science, Medical Sciences and pure and applied science for the Industrial work situation which they likely to meet after graduation. Duration of SIWES is four months in Polytechnics at the end of NDI, four months in College of Education at the end of NCE II and six months in the Universities at the end of 300 or 400 or 500 levels depending on the discipline (Information and Guideline for SIWES, 2002). Objectives of SIWES The objectives of SIWES among others includes to:-

Provide an avenue for students in institutions of higher learning to acquire industrial skills and experience in their approved course of study; Prepare students for the industrial works situation which they are likely to meet after graduation. Expose students to work methods and techniques in handling equipment and machinery not available in their institutions. Provide students with an opportunity to apply their knowledge in real work situation thereby bridging the gap between theory and practices. Enlist and strengthen employers’ involvement in the entire educational process and prepare students for employment in Industry and Commerce (Information and Guideline for SIWES, 2002).

  Bodies Involved in the Management of SIWES The bodies involved are: Federal Government, Industrial Training Fund (ITF), Other Supervising Agencies are: National University Commission (NUC), National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) & National Council for Colleges of Education (NCCE). The functions of these agencies above include among others to:

Ensure adequate funding of the scheme; Establish SIWES and accredit SIWES unit in the approved institutions; Formulate policies ad guideline for participating bodies and institutions as well as appointing SIWES coordinators and supporting staff; Supervise students at their places of attachment and sign their log-book and ITF Forms; Vet and process students log-books and forward same to ITF Area office; Ensure payment of Allowances for the students and supervisors.

Therefore the success or otherwise of the SIWES depends on the efficiency of the Ministries, ITF, Institutions, Employers of labour and the general public involved in articulation and management of the programme. Thus the evaluation of SIWES in tertiary institutions in meeting up with the needs for the establishment of the programme is necessary. Guidelines on SIWES Programme For the smooth operation of the SIWES, the following guidelines shall apply:(project topics   final year project topics)


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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper

    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

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