THE EFFECT OF THE NIGERIAN PIDGIN ENGLISH ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA

THE EFFECT OF THE NIGERIAN PIDGIN ENGLISH ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA 

ABSTRACT  

The paper carefully examines the effect of Nigerian pidgin English on the academic performance of university students using the University of Uyo as a case study. The current status of pidgin English mostly used by students was also analyzed.

In view of the findings, the use of Pidgin informal setting should be discouraged since it has not been given its rightful recognition. It's coming into the institution is affecting the students’ academic performance. It is of uttermost importance that further research is conducted into the Nigerian Pidgin usage in order to ensure its standardization before it can be welcomed fully in the educational system and the country at large.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY RESEARCH QUESTIONS HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY SCOPE OF THE STUDY LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW

ORIGIN OF PIDGIN ENGLISH THE EVOLUTION OF NIGERIAN PIDGIN STATUS OF NIGERIAN PIDGIN

ATTITUDES TOWARDS NIGERIAN PIDGIN THE LANGUAGE COMPOSITION OF NIGERIA PIDGIN

CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

INTRODUCTION RESEARCH AREA RESEARCH DESIGN POPULATION OF THE STUDY SAMPLE SIZE AND TECHNIQUE DATA COLLECTION METHOD DATA ANALYSIS LIMITATIONS

CHAPTER FOUR DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

INTRODUCTION PRESENTATION OF TABLES

CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATIONS

APPENDIXBIBLIOGRAPHY

 

CHAPTER 1Introduction1.1 Background to The Study:The term pidgin is used to refer to a language that develops in a situation where speakers of different languages have a need to communicate but do not share a common language. Once a pidgin has emerged, it is generally learned as a second language and used for communication among people who speak differently.Language is the most creative and unlimited instrument for social communication and it helps us to understand the deep-seated social relevance, cultural involvement, and the human relatedness of language. Having said this, we can therefore agree that pidgin is a language of its own and not just a supplementary tongue as some people see it since it serves as an unlimited instrument of social communication especially in a multilingual community as MadonaUniversity.According to R. Linton, he states that “the culture of a society is the way of life of its members, the collection of ideas and habits which they learn, share and transmit from generation to generation” (12). These cultures, ideas, and habits can only be transmitted from generation to generation through language. In linguistic, every language is considered adequate to represent the communicative needs of its people and as such should not be made to suffer any biases.This cannot be said of Nigerian Pidgin – even though it is a language – because various attempts have been made by different factions to eradicate the use of Nigerian Pidgin English. These attempts have however been unsuccessful because of the significant value the language has to its users. It is a language that has brought people together in spite of their differences in ancestral culture and language by creating a local culture for itself that blends ideas from different cultures. 1.2 Statement of Research Problem:Nigerian Pidgin is a language just like English and there is enough room for both languages to co-exist and be mutually enriching. Despite this – and the fact that Nigerian Pidgin English appears to be the most popular means of communication among diverse groups and is easier to learn than any other language in the country today – it is generally asserted that it is not the suitable language for use informal setting and its use in such setting is usually frowned at.This research work will explore the potentials of Nigerian Pidgin English as a language. If Nigerian Pidgin English does have this potential, why are its usage and status denigrated? Also, does the speaking of Nigerian Pidgin affect the student’s academic performance? Answers to these questions will enable us to make useful recommendations for future studies. 1.3 Purpose of the Study:This work intends to look into the effectiveness and status of Nigerian Pidgin English. It is inherent that for a long period of time that Nigerian Pidgin English has been the means of communication among students in higher institutions. This research will bring into the light if the use of Nigeria Pidgin English has any effect on the students and their academic performance in MadonaUniversity. The finding will be regarded to be generic, affecting also students in other institutions who equally exalt Nigerian Pidgin English above standard English. 1.4 Hypothesis of the StudyHo: The Use of Pidgin English does not Negatively affect the academic performance of University Students.Hi: The use of Pidgin English Affects Academic Performance of University Students. 1.5 Significance of the Study:This study is important because its results can go a long way in finding out the causes of students’ negative or positive academic performance. If Nigerian Pidgin English has contributed negatively or positively to the students.This work will in no doubt contribute to one’s knowledge especially in the department of English, MadonaUniversity, Enugu as it will highlight some issues in educational planning. It will be a guide for the federal government in planning for an effective educational system.1.6 Scope and Limitations:The scope of this project is on the effects of Nigerian Pidgin English in the university community. An assessment of its use in various forms will be carried out. This research is limited to MadonaUniversity, Enugu even though the findings might be generic. 1.7 Research Methodology:Questionnaires were distributed to a hundred (100) students in MadonaUniversity, EnuguState which is my case study and these questionnaires were filled and collected and a hundred questionnaires were returned.The result/total of responses from the respondents is tabled in the yes/no format. The collection of data was done in two parts. The secondary and primary source. The primary source is the questionnaire; the secondary source includes textbooks, journals, and so on. The materials were researched upon in libraries: BenueStateUniversity and MadonaUniversity libraries.The total number of hundred (100) questionnaires were distributed and the percentage system is the method used in calculating the different responses.

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