INFLUENCE OF PEER GROUP ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT’S IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

INFLUENCE OF PEER GROUP ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT’S IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1            BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Indecent appearance has come to characterize the dress pattern of many students on the campuses of higher learning in Nigeria. There is hardly any higher institution of learning in this country that is not faced with this nauseating problem. The way students on these campuses of learning particularly, the female ones, dress seductively leaves much to be desired What the girls call skirts that they wear is just “one inch” longer than their pants. When they put on such dresses, they struggle to sit down, find difficulty in climbing machines, cross gutters as well as pick anything from the ground. Apart from the skimpy and tight fitting nature of these dresses, they are again transparent; revealing certain parts of the bodies that under normal dressing patterns ought to be hidden away from the glare of people. In the case of boys, their pattern of dress is different.

It makes them to look so dirty and very unattractive with unkempt hairs and dirty jeans having pockets of holes deliberately created around the knees and the lower part of the trousers allowed to flow on the ground because they go through their heals into their legs as socks. The waist of their trousers are lowered and fastened tightly at the middle of the two bottom lobes to reveal their boxers (pants). And when they are walking, they drag their legs and one of their hands particularly, the left one, cupping their invisible scrotum as if they will fall to the ground if not supported. Many of them because of how they dressed had at one time or the other become victims of rape, lured into prostitution, used for ritual purpose, unable to complete their education or training and also engaged in other ancillary social and moral problems like cultism and lying to mention these few. Although, there are no universally acceptable way or ways of dressing, dresses are meant to serve some definable purposes, country or region notwithstanding. They are part of a peoples culture and they define their tribal or ethnic identity.

Apart from dresses being a means for cultural identity, they are for ornamental or aesthetic purposes, for protection of the body against harsh weather conditions as well as for covering the intimate parts of the body (Answer.com, 2011; &Articlesbase.com, 2011). These purposes are important especially as they form major aspects of a person’s personality. But as important as these purposes are, they have been defeated by the generation of Nigerian youths (Articlesbase.com, 2011). Their dress patterns are most times anti-African, and are invented. They usually dress in a manner that does not show that they are responsible (nigerianfilms.com, 2009). The African culture and particularly that of Nigeria encourage modesty in appearance as do the Christian and Islamic religion where the larger population of these youths claim to be worshipping God.

This un-African dress pattern among the youths of this generation has generated lots of concern and worry among the citizenry of the country. Religious institutions as well as institutions of learning are not resting on their oars to watch this immoral act being perpetuated, but they speak against it. For instance, Olori (2003) reported that at the University of Abuja rules were made that any dress won must cover intimate parts of the body, must not expose the breast, stomach, navel and bare chest. But on this very campus students still dress indecently.

In the same vein, in Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa, where this study is focused, it seems that the introduction of a dress code was misinterpreted by the students to mean they should dress indecently.

This is because what became obvious with students in this college after the introduction of this dress code was the alarming and arrant ways that they began to dress indecently. One is not however surprised because what is typical of most Nigerian administrators is always a wide gap between policy formulation and execution. Indecent dressing even though is not accepted as the normality, is seen to be gaining ascendancy. One then wonders what becomes of the society tomorrow with the caliber of students that are being trained. If rules are made for people, they suppose to be adequately informed why such rules are made. It is for this very reason that this paper attempts to counsel students about the causeeffects of dressing indecently as well as suggests solutions that could remedy the further spread of this immoral act on campuses of learning in Nigeria.

1.2            OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The purpose of the study is to investigate the extent to which peer group contribute to the academic performance of the child. The research will also find out whether peer group influence will contribute to the academic growth of its member furthermore, the investigative behavioral aspect of the peer group on a academic performance of student.

1.3            STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The concern of the peer group on the academic performance of student in selected secondary schools Efforts would be concentrated on the following

(1)  children interaction with their peers

(2)  stages of the formation with their group

(3)  peer group influence on academic performance of the students

(4)  the implication of a peer group on individual teachers educational administration, policy makers etc

1.4            RESEARCH QUESTIONS

          In examining peer group effect in influencing in the study of agricultural science it is necessary to ask the following question

(1)  How those peer group influence the choice of an individual students

(2)  To what extent those the peer group influence the individual students in choice agricultural subject

(3)  What factor contributed to the choice of an individual student in choosing agricultural science in secondary school

1.5            RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

          In examining peer group effect in influencing in the study of agricultural science it is necessary to ask the following question

(1)  How those peer group influence the choice of an individual students

(2)  To what extent those the peer group influence the individual students in choice agricultural subject

(3)  What factor contributed to the choice of an individual student in choosing agricultural science in secondary school

1.6            RELEVANCE OF STUDY

study will help in knowing more about the peer group and their stages. It will help in finding out the peer group influence on pre-adolescent and implication on them.

          The work will help in finding out the influence of the peer group on the academic performance of students.

          The research will help in findings solutions to the problem caused by poser group influence. It will also help in relating the peer group of male and female together in terms of the relationship.

          The project will also help to find out the bad and good aspect of peer group

.

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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