Cultism is derived from the Latin word 'Occulere' meaning something hidden, concealed, mystical, secret, etc. Cultism is a kind of engagement by people whose goals are not genuine.

Cultism is a demeaning factor that has affected the progress of Nigerian universities. Their activities have gone pass secret mission to open activities in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Tertiary institutions in Nigeria are faced with attacks by cult groups almost on every semester. The lives of about 5000 lecturers and students in 2003 went down the drain due to the attacks of cultists across Nigeria universities (Okwu, 2006).

Cultism in tertiary institutions in Africa started in late 1949. Cultism attacks in universities of Nigeria started in the first premiere university; University of Ibadan in 1952 by the popular Nobel Laureate- Professor Wole Soyinka and six other people who formed the Pyrates Confraternity. The other six include Olumuyiwa Awe, Ralph Opara, and Tunji Tubi, Aig Imokhuede, Pius Olegbe and

Olu Agunloye. Their purposes for forming cult group are scrapping convention, fighting tribalism, revive the social life of students in campus and elitism. Adejoro (1995) in his work complained that the supposed good plan by Wole Soyinka and his friends turned out to be evil hunting the society still date. Maxey (2004) defined cultism from the Latin word ‘cultus’ which means to worship or acknowledge a deity. Thus, meaning a form of religious worship. Cults in Nigeria University indulge in arm robbery attacks, rape, kidnapping, assaulting of lecturers, etc. The 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria section 318 defines cult as a group of people, registered or not that make use of signs to promote their interest which is usually held in secret. The diverse activities of cult groups have gained undue popularity in tertiary institutions.

However, cultism is known to be a dreadful group to join, but it is quite surprising to still see students join the group. They join for various reasons like the feeling to belong (bad peer pressure), to avoid being intimidated, to gain power, to gain respect from lecturers and fellow students, to oppress, etc.

Cult groups in tertiary institutions recruit and initiate their new members into the group. Members are lured into the group based on their physique, financial capacity and family background. There are occasions where members are recruited in tertiary institutions; examples include parties, picnics, intimidation, etc. before new members are received into the group, they are interviewed and made to undergo some dreadful assignments.

Tertiary universities under study include polytechnics and universities. There is need to create awareness about the activities of cultists in tertiary institutions in other for students to be aware of them and their activities, most especially prospective students. It is also pertinent to enlighten parents so they can start in good time to caution their children about the operations of cultists.

Moreover, that is why this study is carried out to review the activities of cultism and ways of curbing their activities in tertiary institutions.  


Over time in tertiary institutions in Nigeria, a supposed learning environment that ought to be serene has been turned to a battle ground. Cases of clashes between cult groups disrupt the learning activities in school; it can put lectures on hold, stop students from going to school. Students who lodge in the school hostel are scared of going to the class at night to study due to cult activities.

Due to clashes by cult groups, innocent lives are lost, property destroyed and disrupt of peace and orderliness in the school. In addition to these, cases of sexual harassment by mostly the female students are on the increase.

However, students are equally made not to dress to their taste because they are scared of wearing some certain colours that are termed colours of these cult groups. By implication, students are made to study and learn in perpetual fear.

All these are some of the problems associated with cultism in Nigeria’s tertiary institutions.

1.3   OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY                          

The major objective of this study is cultism in Nigeria’s tertiary institutions, a case study of Lagos State University.

                Other specific objectives include:

a)   To examine the impact of cultism on the educational system of Nigeria.

b)   To examine the relationship between cultism and the economy of Nigeria.

c)   To identify ways of curbing cultists activities in Lagos state university.

d)   To investigate the rate of cultism in Lagos state university.


        The following research questions are generated to impact of cultism on the educational system of Nigeria guide this study:

a)   What is the?

b)   What is the relationship between cultism and the economy of Nigeria?

c)   What are the ways of curbing cultists’ activities in Lagos state university?

d)   What is the rate of cultism in Lagos state university?


H0:   There is no impact of cultism on the educational system of Nigeria.

H1:   There is an impact of cultism on the educational system of Nigeria.


This study is meant to inform, educate, sensitize, and enlighten the general public, school administrators, government, and policy on cultism in Nigeria universities.

General public here comprises parents and children. This study is meant to inform and educate parents to caution their children to desist from cultism. Also, children are warned not to indulge in cultism as there is more to loss than gain from their activities.

School administrators need to mobilize the presence of security personnel to help ensure the security of students. also, a law like immediate expulsion should be meted on any student involve in cultism.

The government has a role to play in curbing cultism; therefore, this study is coming to remind the government to put the right measures in place to eliminate cultism from tertiary institutions.

Finally, policy makers should enact laws kicking against cultism in Nigeria tertiary institutions.

This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this topic and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other work or study.


This study is restricted to the risk, resources and education- public and private financing of higher education in Nigeria.

Limitations of the study

1.        Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, and interview).

2.        Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted to the research work.


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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper

    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)


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