THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP AND PRODUCTIVITY IN AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF UNILEVER NIG.PLC)
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 General introduction 1
1.2 Purpose of the study 5
1.3 Relevance of research question 6
1.4 Limitation of the study 8
1.5Definition of terms9
1.6 Scope of the study 9
2.1 Introduction 12
2.2 Theoretical frame work 12
2.3 Leadership style 18
2.4 The qualities of a good leader 19
2.5 The function of a good leader 20
2.6 Literature review 20
3.0 Research methodology 22
3.1 Historical background of the case study 22
3.2tudy instrument and validation 25
3.3 Sample and sampling technique 26
3.4 Population 26
3.5 Data analysis method 27
3.6 Data collection method 28
1.7 3.7 Research hypothesis 29
4.1 Analysis of data 30
4.2 Testing 0f Hypothesis 40
4.3 Research finding 44
5.1 Summary 46
5.2 Conclusion 48
5.3 Implication 48
5.4 Recommendation 49
5.6 Suggestion for further studies 51
Testing of hypothesis
Before considering the relationship between effective leadership and productivity in an organization one must take a vivid look at what an organization is. An organization is an entity. This is true of all business enterprises, churches, hospitals, or clubs. It can be seen as a process of coordinating individual effort toward the achievement of a common goal or objective an organization is a group of people bound together to provide unity of action for the achievement of a predetermined objective. The purpose of the organizing function is to make the best use of the organization’s resources by some appointed members known as leaders to achieve organization goal.
For productivity to take place in an organization, all human and materials resources must be coordinated toward achieving the goals of the organization and the human resources available must be motivated, integrated, coordinated by some people or a group of people who the subordinates will have return to do so as to compare performance with standard set, analyze the deviation and the reasons for the deviation.
So as to take precautionary measure known as controlling and make sure that the targeted objective is attended.
In any progressing organization there must be a pleasant and friendly relationship between the leaders and the subordinates. A wiling leader who wants success and want the subordinates to play their role on achieving the goals of the organization must adopt the appropriate styles, strategies and make proper utility of these and must never neglect the function and duties of leader.
All organization either public or private never joke with management directives at all level. Starting from the top managing directive level to least line and supervising in the organization.
There is always someone at the elm of affairs of every level in the organization that the subordinates look up to some people at the top administrative level. From same time till now, other has been an increased global interest in the importance of leadership to organization being it social, business, or political. The increased interest may probably be due to the technological advancement which has impacted on human testes and fashion such that must succeed organization which is aimed at customer satisfaction must be flexible with changes in the environment. Due to these leadership itself worth consideration.
Leadership is always after influencing and directing subordinate action towards the achievement of company’s objective. It is a process existing among the follower, the leader, and other situational variable. Thus, leadership involves the leader and his subordinate. The leader gives instruction on what his followers should do and how the followers should perform the specified duties.
Essentially, leadership in his capability lacks the use of force. The leader uses the combination of his skills and intelligence quality of character and general acceptance by the followership to exert influence so that objectives are achieved.
The capability of leaders to be followed by the subordinate largely depends on his poise and charisma to leads. It highly depends on his intellect, combination of skills, quality of character and general acceptance by the followership to exerts influence so that objectives are achieved. It is inevitable to state that all management function is depend on leadership. This is because the approach of the leader and his ability to ensure the subordinates flow with him, as he provides them to pursue. Assiduously efficient accomplishment of corporate goals. The fashion out of the planning process cannot but be affected by his perception of and the needs of those who are to work for him. It must however be pointed out that while it is generally believed that leadership is about persuasion and influence.
1.2 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The reasons why this topic is considered for study is to shed light and educate all forms of organization be it a business oriented or non business organization on the importance of leadership in the management setup of an organization.
To have a proper orientation about leadership. The style and ways they can adopt for the smooth and efficient running of the organization.
More so, to know the contribution of leaders to productivity in the organization how they supervises and motivate the subordinates, how they gear them towards the achievement of organizational goals of the organization which is sometimes based on the level of productivity.
1.3 RELEVANCE OF RESEARCH QUESTION
This helps in the study to know more about the organization by asking the leaders and subordinates relevant questions to cover out information. Some of these are the questions to ask.
i. Specifically what is the relationship between effective leadership and productivity in this organization?
ii. What are the means adopted in supervising the level of productivity of the factory’s staff?
iii. Does the supervision have any positive impact in productivity?
iv. Are there any reactions from the workers when they are motivated to work?
v. How do leaders react to ineffectiveness in his section?
vi. Does some environment variable encourage employees?
vii. Are there any impacts when employees are given additional reward?
viii. How suitable is it for leaders to handle the motivation in his section?
ix. Does the style adopted affects subordinates handling production activity?
1.4 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Despite our interest in this research work, our objective cannot all be attained due to some limitations over which we have no control of; from financial constraint, time factor, and inability to obtain necessary information, which is termed “confidential” by the organization. Based on the scientism of leaders and subordinates on information dissemination primary data are difficult to collect. However, such problem is encountered reliable secondary collection method will be employed.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
As indicated earlier, our major areas of concern necessitate the examination of effective leadership in the organization. In order to avoid going beyond the scope of this project, comprehensive technical issue such as the organization environment, motivation and supervision among others will not be presented in detail.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
a. An organization is an entity comprising of a group of
people working together to provide unit of action for the achievement of a predetermined objective.
b. Leadership is that part of management process,
seeks to ensure that workers carry out assigned responsibilities willingly and efficiency towards the optimum achievement of cooperate goal and objectives.
c. Leader is a person who leads a group of people especially the lead of a country, an organization etc toward the accomplishment to target goals.
d. Effective leadership is the integration and coordination of work force or people so as to achieves the desired goals successfully without deviation.
e. Productivity is the desired or targeted goals which an organization is aiming at.
f. Supervision is the process of monitoring workers or subordinates in ensuring that they works towards the targeted standard.
g. Environment is the physical conditions that affect behaviour and development of somebody.
h. Motivation is the process of giving a person a reason for doing the things you want him or her to do..