THE NEED FOR QUALITY CONTROL IN A MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF GLOBAL SOAP AND DETERGENT ILORIN)
It might be patient for the purpose of given the subject a vivid understanding on the need for quality control in a manufacturing organization .
The chapter one of this project comprises of the general introduction , historical background of the organization chart , showing the department and position statement scope and the limitation of the study as well as the definition of term in the project .
Chapter two emphasized on the literature review of the project, the need for quality control, contribution of quality control, and also the store system that will be used in quality control as well as the general principle of quality control.
Chapter three emphasized on the gathering of information about the project [i.e research methodology], it will also involve the instrument of tools used in the research processing, and also the research population and sample size as well as the research method size will be included.
Chapter four comprises of definition of how quality contribution of quality inspection concept of quality and ultimately the method of rating vendors for equality.
The last chapter (five) will contain the analysis of various problems in the organization and necessary recommendation and conclusion in then drawn from the project.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 General Introduction
1.2 Statement of the problems
1.3 Scope and limitation of the studies
1.4 Objective of the studies
1.5 Historical background of the Global soap and detergent
1.6 The definition of the related term
2.0 Literature review
2.1 Definition of quality control
2.2 Why is need for quality control
2.3 General principle of quality control
2.4 Contribution of quality control
2.5 Store system in quality control
2.6 Abc analysis in control
3.1 Research methodology
3.2 Instrument of tools used
3.3 Research population and sample size
3.4 Sampling production employed
3.5 Research method size
4.1 Presentation and analysis of data
4.2 Analysis of Data
4.3 Test of Hypothesis
4.5 Organization structure of global soap and detergent
4.6 Quality control of global soap and detergent
1.1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION
It is Important at the outset of this study to know exactly what quality control is i.e it is a degree of excellent fitness and elative nature. This is the definition most people have in mind when they think quality people believe generally that “ HIGH QUALITY “ is something desirable in itself. Quality is an intricate concept the word is often used to mean superior quality. When we speak of quality merchandise we are not referring it price as the main selling feature and advertisement when mentioned in industrial and purchase quality has in entirely meaning.
Quality is related to suitability and cost (not price) but quality could be low as well as high the right quality may not be the best in the market. Quality meaning in purchasing is related to the function send ultimate cost.
Purchasing executive is in excellent position to contribute to that portion of their company is profits that originate in the area of quality. This is because they can bring about there important types of knowledge, their knowledge of the materials, they bought their knowledge or market or economic change their knowledge of source of supply.
It concept of quality as ordained above could in term be derived into a number of constrains such as finish. Strength design material manufacture and so on and the scale of excellent could be draw up for this in such a way that we can analyses the quality of given it may score well is some respect and badly in other. It may be in incapable of measurement; the researcher is interested in this topic because quality is very biologics business.
1.2 STATEMENT OF GENERAL PROBLEM
Quality control is very important function in every organization effective for formal and efficient material management, but some problem to develop, where the practice is non existence.
Poor and inefficient quality profit less than the rate of organization, this affect the production profit less the rate of organization growth. Also, there is a general believe that no one can inject quality including the process of design stage of a product but the problem encountered in building quality and also they do not make proper provision for a separate quality control standard, this including the method of rating vendors for quality. The research will look into some of the problem and way of solving the problems.
1.3 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This researcher is restricted to the Global soap and Detergent and related product situated at Ilorin, Kwara State. This research work will cover the following benefit of quality; determination of quality, inspection concept of quality selection of vendor for quality and also method of rating vendor for quality. The limitation is mainly environmental program which are:
ATTITUDES OF THE RESPONDENT;
While some of the respondent to oral interviews were very cooperative and made the research Job samples, other were uncooperative such uncooperative attitude range from failure to keep dates with researcher or out right refusal to grant answer to question the respondent would not be willing to discuss some area of their organization on the excuse that it was secret or vital to the company’s existence.
The reason is faced with the problem of language, most especially during the direct oral interview carried out among some workers in the company of study.
LACK OF FINANCE
Like everybody else the economic condition seriously affects the researcher and to visit ot travel out to some other neighboring town to conduct oral interview with related companies was drastically reduce.
Also time was one of the limitations that late resumption data and incessant instability in Nigeria as a whole had pit short the span of the academic session in Kwara State Polytechnic affected the researcher because the researcher also had the class work load to contain at the same time with the project work load.
1.4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The motive behind this research is in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Higher National Diploma in Purchasing and Supply Institute of financial and Management Studies, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Kwara State. The general specific objective of this research work include
1. Acknowledge the need for quality control in a manufacturing organization.
2. The study aims at identifying the basic problem confronting the quality control department in a manufacturing organization.
3. To identify the basic at quality in a manufacturing process.
4. To determine the selection of vendor for quality and also ascertain the method of rating vendor for quality.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUD OF GLOBAL SOAP AND DETERGENT.
Global soap and detergent industry limited is a ember of Doyin group of companies the industry was sited along asa-dam road Ilorin kwara state it’s the first indigenous soap and detergent manufacturing company of Nigeria .
The company was incorporated on 8th October 1986 by the federal government of Nigeria render commence and industry 1985, all the plant were received into the site and the process of installation started immediately then followed by commissioning of the industry this owned by an experience industrialist Dr. Samuel Adedoyin who has for many years been champion indigenous technology background integration and the use of local raw material in Nigeria
Global soap and detergent industry was established response to the case of the Kwara state government in industrializing Kwara state. Despite the economic down turn at that time. the factory metamorphosed from is one detergent factory and pioneer staff strength of 40 in 1985 to conglomerate of seven factories in 1994 with a strong believe in self reliance and resourcefulness sourcing about 40% of it material locally
This is one way by which global soap and detergent industry has been contributing significantly to the country economic rehabilitation and industrial revolution.
The company has consistency pared up with the existing multinational detergent manufacturing companies in a health competition toward enhancing the growth of the Nigeria economy operating through the under.
NO NAME OF PLANT CAPACITY PRODUCT
Detergent plant 10 tons 1hours200g. bold,(10kg,5g, 2kg, 1kg,wash rite g10kg, 5kg,2kg,1kg) ad super deal 200kg
Source of plantI ton /dayHi cleans sources in play and consistence
Soap plant 2tone /dayToiler soap (vogue grand /undary soap Hi cleans bold )
Sulphoration plant 1tone /day Sulphoric and (raw materials for the production of soap and detergent
Glycerin evaporation 1.0 tone/day99% glycerin (raw material for product pharmaceutical and cosmetics )
Detergent bar 10 tone /day Detergent bar
soap silicate plant10 tone /daySilicate (raw materials for production of detergent and soap )
Beside the infrastructural enhanced of Kwara state Global soap and Detergent industries limited existence have provide grand for some business tutors etc.
The company is blessed with the most modern technology available and the plants are able manned by quality personnel.
Presenting the strength of about one thousand workers is different grade of skilled semiskilled and unskilled.
The company gives priority to unstructured safety and good house keeping house hold wastes are periodically little by sanitary inspector from the Kwara state environment protection agency (lwara) this generation refer to the state.
Further more they company as have efficient treatment plant constructed to standard and for liquid waste treatment and purification
As part of his cardinal objective programmed and conduct award wining good house keeping factory inspection.
The various machineries industries limited house in built machines e.g. Scrubber cyclones flyers etc. to fighata environment pollution at source.
Despite the depressing economic situation of the nation the company had made a tremendous progess in her production expansion programme
This is in line with one of company’s objective of meeting the increasing demand of their good quality product.
First among these is the completing and commissioning of the crude stone / hour glycerin evaporation plant between December 1990 and January 1991 this is the instillation and commissioning and additional 0.1 ton 1 hour soap pckingplant mazzon plant luncing production on mazzon plant waste fully on solving by may 1991.
Along side with mazzon plant was burnt stones capacity soap middle storage side which is of double advantages in increasing production capacity of the soap plant . All the installation and commissioning of the said plant and sales were carried out by the staff of global and detergent industries limited without the help of any foreign export.
Another expansion programme also embanked upon in 1991 is the construction of multi- Naira 200 matric tones H20 storage and 250 Matric ton Alkone storage tank for sulphonaltion . plant all the tank 48m x 40m finished ware house which was commissioned in October 1991 the construction of the ware house which was commissioned in October 1991 the construction of the warehouse has helped to a large extent increasing the country’s production.
The affair of the company are managed under leadership in Mr. omolola Olabayo who is the executive director , member of the management team also include a list of manager who are head of various department .
a. Personnel and administrative department
b. Account department
c. Production department
d. Sales marketing department
e. Audit department
f. Purchasing department
g. Laboratory/quality control and maintenance technical department.
1.6 DEFINITION OF RELATED TERMS
i. STANDARD:-This is the process of reducing the member of namely to a controllable workable minimum
ii. SPECIFICATION:- this is the decision of the items in the sufficient detail to ensure s that it will be suitable in all respect for the purpose for which it is intended.
iii. QUALITY CONTROL :- this is the process where by goods service are examined to ensure that they confirm with the predetermined standard.
iv. Inspection: this means the examination of income material for quality.
v. Inventory:- in store management, it means the various of material in store good and be raw material component, part work –in progress finished good and so on depending on the organization.
STORE:-this is refer as the s building where material are kept until they are recurred by the users.
vi. Quality control:-
vii. Raw materials:- these are basic materials which undergo change through manufacturing process for example cola, lead, copper, rubber, cocoa and so on.
viii. Obsolescent:- an items said to be obsolescent when it is going out of use but yet completely unsuitable.
ix. Control:- this is a management function concerned with measuring performance against set standard and correcting derivable in order to achieve the set goal.
x. Methodology:- this involve the collection s of s data and it is an important aspect of research..