THE BEHAVIORAL TERATOGENIC EFFECT OF CIMETIDINE ON THE OFFSPRINGS OF ALBINO RATS

THE BEHAVIORAL TERATOGENIC EFFECT OF CIMETIDINE ON THE OFFSPRINGS OF ALBINO RATS 

THE ROLE OF SEX HORMONES   

During childhood, the capacity of the sexual response and the experience of sexual pleasure as well as the potential for orgasm exists at least in a proportion of children whether this apparently variable potential among children reflects different learning experiences during childhood, different opportunities for realizing the potential or different gentile influences is not known. The importance of gonadal hormones in particular testosterone, in organizing early brain development and function has been discussed earlier. During childhood, gonadal steroid hormones are title in evidence, but from the ages of 9 or 10 years they start to increase as the child approaches puberty from there on we have to consider the activating role of those hormones on sexuality and the impact they have on sexuality, and the impact they have on sexuality, and the impact they have on sexuality during three stages of the life course around puberty and during early adolescence during adulthood until muddle age, and during the later years. An adult male’s continued interest in sex depends on his having a normal level of circulating testosterone. If an otherwise normal male has his testosterone lowered by testicular suppressive drugs, he experiences a decline in sexual interest, which returns when the process is reversed. In case of testicular impairment (primary or secondary hypogonadism). When testosterone levels fall below the normal range almost all males experience a decline in sexual interest and capacity for ejaculation. This is reversed by testosterone replacement the raphy. This is a robust, predictable finding across a substantial number of placebo-controlled studies. A similar pattern is observed with spontaneous erection during sleep, or nocturnal penile tumescence, which decline and return with testosterone withdrawal and replacement these erections are interesting manifestations of the sexually arousability of the brain uncomplicated by cognitive processes, and this evidence clearly points to the role of testosterone in central sexual arousal mechanism it is important to emphasis, however, that normal levels of testosterone are necessary but not sufficient for normal levels of sexual desire. These are the factors that can inhibit or alter sexual desire in the presence of normal testosterone levels. The role of testosterone become less clear as men get older there is a normal, but variable, tendency for tester one levels of decline on men beyond the fifth decade, and this is often accompanied by an age-related decline in sexual interest. This is sometimes referred to inappropriately as “male menopause” However, there is no clear evidence that this pattern can be reversed by testosterone replacement. It is possible that there is a decline in responsiveness to testosterone in addition to a fall in the hormone level (Schiavs, 1999). There is also a common (though variable) age-related decline in erectile responsiveness, such that are men get older erections to develop less consistently and are less strong and less well-sustained. The mechanisms for this are not well understood but may be related to change in neurotransmitter responsiveness in erectile tissues (Cerner and Chirst, 2000).

THE SIDE EFFECTS OF DRUGS

Given the complexity of the brain and its mechanism of control, it is not surprising that anyone's mechanism is involved in a variety of different response patterns. Thus mechanisms relevant to control to sexual response may also be relevant to control of other motivated behaviors such as eating or aggressive behavior for this season it is difficult to develop drugs that selectively influence specific aspects of brain function. As a consequence, drugs developed for one purpose have another unwanted or unintended side effect. Sexual side effects of drugs aimed at the as are not uncommon although biochemical mechanisms in the CNS are enormously complex, as previously discussed, we can consider drug effects which are likely to be predominantly central and those predominantly peripheral. We can also consider drugs that have serotonergic, noradrenergic, and dopaninergic effects. The best examples are modery anticlegressanys which involve inhibition of serotonin re-take (SSRI’S such as fluoxetine; Rosen, lane, & menace (2001). Such drug commonly inhibits organism in women or decay ejaculation in men, and are used to treat problems of repaid ejaculation.

 

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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